Philosophers and doctors from different parts of the world used the term “Macrobiotics” to describe life in harmony with nature, on a simple, balanced diet. Products included in the Standard Macrobiotic Diet are:

  • whole grains,
  • vegetables,
  • legumes,
  • seaweed,
  • soups,
  • pickles,
  • desserts,
  • seasonings,
  • non-flavored teas.


Foods that are allowed for occasional consumption are fruit and some alcohol-containing drinks. Usually, people who keep to this slimming diet exclude from their menu:

  • high-purity sugar,
  • processed foods,
  • products of potato family,
  • dairy products,
  • eggs and other animal products.

However, you will not find a strict list of prohibitions, because freedom of choice is highly appreciated in macrobiotics.


The diet does not presume the presence of fatty, fried, spicy and other heavy foods, so it’s quite possible to lose weight with it. Macrobiotics also heals and improves overall immune response due to the presence of a large amount of fiber in the menu, since the latter provides good work of the intestine.

In macrobiotics, we talk about a truly healthy food, which is free from:

  • chemical additives,
  • enhancers,
  • preservatives.

This minimizes the likelihood of allergic reactions and reduces the risk of cancer, which has been repeatedly proven by studies.


Regular search for products of organic origin is available for people with a high income, therefore, such a nutrition system is not convenient for a less solvent audience. Macrobiotic diet also does not suit children and adolescents, as it assumes vegetarianism and excludes large amount of animal protein, necessary for growth and development.

Macrobiotics does not provide for a sufficient hydration between meals. It is believed that all water should come from the foods that you consume. In addition, this diet plan allows salt without limitations. Consequently, it does not suit people, who suffer from:

  • diabetes,
  • cardiovascular system,
  • exacerbations of gastrointestinal diseases, like ulcers, gastritis, and ulcerative colitis.

Rough food will be an additional irritant to the damaged mucosa.


Mono diets refer to the most widely used group of weight loss diets, the essence of which lies in the consumption of a single product. Such diets have a strict timeframe and allow losing 2-3 kilograms within a record time. There is a rich palette of mono-diets, the most popular of which today are diets, based on:

  • rice,
  • apples,
  • natural yogurt,
  • cottage cheese,
  • potatoes,
  • watermelon.



It is worth noting the optimal ratio of labor efforts and results achieved. Any mono-diet is very easy to use. You do not need to cook anything. Simply bring 1.5 liters of yogurt or apples, and the result will be noticeable the next day.

It is important to keep in mind that you can not observe mono-diets for more than three days, the optimal term being one day. In this regard, mono-diet is better considered as “fasting days”.

Such “fasting days” allow to:

  • cleanse the digestive tract from previously accumulated elements of food,
  • give rest to the enzyme systems from overloads,
  • create certain conditions for an “upgrade”.

All these will help your liver and pancreas continue working without failures.


Mono diets have a single disadvantage – danger in prolonged use. If you keep to a mono-diet for more than three days, your body will not receive enough vitamins and microelements. This can lead to a functional failure of the gastrointestinal tract, which in turn will cause intolerance to foods that were habitual to the body and very useful for it.

In the future, intolerance is fraught with indigestion, the result of which is pitiable. Just tale a look at those suffering from anorexia, and will clearly understand where it can lead you.


This dietary concept has gained fame thanks to the American naturopathic Herbert Shelton and – to a lesser extent – the physician Howard Hey. The concept is based on the idea of ​​compatibility and incompatibility of food products. The main postulate of Sheldon says “The simpler our food, the more value and benefit it brings to our body”.

The founder of the food combining system advises not to mix more than two or three products at the same time (which, by the way, is the direct opposite of Ayurvedic nutrition, where up to six flavors can be present in a dish at the same time). Other aspects are also important with a healthy diet, such as:

  • having frequent meals,
  • lessening of portion size,
  • consuming more fruit and vegetables,
  • slow chewing.

All these inevitably lead to an overall improvement of the body.



With food combining, the food is digested quite quickly, which excludes the presence of decay or fermentation processes. This greatly reduces the intoxication of the body as a whole. When switching to food combining, the well-being improves significantly, which is important both for those who have excess weight and for those who have chronic cardiovascular and gastrointestinal diseases.

When you switch to the food combining system,

  • your weight reduces surely and reliably (moreover, new weight can be maintained years in a row, if you keep to the diet principles);
  • your skin’s color and quality improve;
  • your intestine peristalsis significantly improves.

The last effect of this diet helps fight constipations, which is important for the category of people with gastrointestinal motility disorder.


Critics are convinced that food combining is an artificial violation of normal digestion. After all, during the history of the mankind existence as a biological species, people have learned to consume mixed food, and our digestive system is perfectly adjusted by nature itself.

In addition, following the precepts of food combining, people are deprived of the opportunity to feel all the tasteful wealth of different cuisines, which are diverse and complex.


People decided to calculate the caloric content of their menu to lose weight back in the 20s of the previous century, and such eating system quickly gained popularity. Even those, who don’t care about weight loss, are aware of the fact that a piece of cake is higher in calories than an apple is.

Calorie counting is one of the most acknowledged weight loss methods. You need to determine a certain amount of calories for your body every day. This value may vary depending on the individual characteristics. Using a guide that says how many calories each specific product contains, make sure that you do not exceed this number.



First, calories counting by itself accustoms to reasonable restrictions and allows being more scrupulous in eating. It is the acquisition of useful food habits that makes the foundation for slenderness.

Secondly, calorie counting allows people, in search for information about the energy content of the product, to read labels, pay attention to the composition, avoiding sodium glutamate and multiple E-components.

Third, calorie counting is indeed one of the most effective weight loss methods.


Dieting by calories calculation does not take into account:

  • food consumption regimen,
  • volume of food at a meal,
  • composition, balanced through protein, fat, vitamins, microelements, etc.

Conditionally, products can be low-calorie and have a high glycemic index, and therefore not suitable, since they are:

  • low-calorie, yet “empty” for proteins and vitamins;
  • low-calorie, yet too spicy or too salty, thus increasing appetite, lowering kidney function and disrupting various types of metabolism.